How does Baseball work – Basic Baseball Rules

Baseball Rules

Baseball Rules

Baseball are a complex game that is very hard to understand if you aren’t a big follower from the day you started walking. lol,

Im just going to outline some of the basic rules and there are still a lot of other rules, but this will help the person that is now only beginning his baseball fan experience. So not to hit your name with a
stick, here is the basics.

Baseball The Game

A baseball game is played by two teams who change between defense and offense. Each team consist of nine players, the main objective in the game is to score more runs
in the game then your opponents. Run’s are scored when a player completes the diamond circuit consisting of four bases. The bases is is considers “Home” or “Save” for the batting team.

The Basic Baseball Equipment

When playing defense, each player need to wear Baseball Gloves. Baseball Gloves is usually made of leather and is used to catch the ball. The defense is in control of the baseball. a Baseball is
white with red stitching.

When playing offense, you will need a bat, the bat is made of wood when playing in the professional ranks, and likely made of aluminum or a metal composite at amateur levels.

The Baseball Field

The part of the field closest to the bases is called the infield, and the grassy farther reaches is called the outfield.

The bases are 90 feet apart from each other on the diamond. Other fields are variable, and the outfield fences or the amount of “foul territory” – the amount of ground that borders the field between the long white lines that connect first base to home plate and third base to home plate – varies from field to field.

The Defending teams Positions

There’s a pitcher in the middle of the Diamond who starts the action by throwing the ball towards the offending teams striker, also called the home plate. The catcher catches the ball if it’s not hit. The infielders are the first baseman, second baseman, shortstop that is between second and third base and the third baseman. There are three outfielders: The left fielder, center fielder and right fielder.

The Game

There are nine innings in professional baseball, and each inning consist of two half’s, The fist half is when the visiting team hits and the home team plays defense then changed and the second
half of the inning is when the home team hits and the visiting team plays defense.

Each team gets three outs in each half of the innings.

On Offense

Each team has nine players in its batting order, and they must stick to that batting order throughout the game as selected before the game. A play begins with a batter waiting to hit a pitch from the pitcher. If the batter hits the ball into the field of play, the batter runs to first base and can run to as many bases as he or she deems fit without getting “out.”

A batter gets three strikes, strikes is when the batter swing to the pitchers ball and miss to hit it, or if the ball is pitched over the home plate called the “strike zone” by the umpire. If the batter get’s three strikes in a row he is out. If the pitcher pitch a foul ball, the batter is automatically allowed to go to first base. Foul Balls are when the pitcher pitches out of the “strike zone”.

When a batter begins running, he is then referred to as a “runner”. Runners attempt to reach a base, they are considers “safe” if they are at a base, they can remain can remain on the base until the next hitter runs to their base, where they have to continue to the next base. The runner can be put out, when the ball touch the base where the runner is running to before he reach the base. If the runner is put out, they have to leave the game.

A batter gets a “hit” when he reaches the first base without getting out, it sometimes happen that another “runner” get’s out or reach the home base when a “hit” occurs. Runs are scored when a player completes a circuit of the diamond and cross the home plate or home base before there are three outs in the inning.

If a player hits the ball over the outfield fence, it’s considered a home run, and the batter can circle all four bases and pass the home base. This also count for all the other “runners” that is currently at the bases around the diamond circuit.

On Defense

There are many ways that the team on defense can get an offensive player out. Four common ways are:

* Strikeouts (hitter misses three pitches)
* Force outs (when, after the ball is hit, the defensive player with the ball reaches a base before the runner)
* Fly outs (when a player hits the ball in the air and it’s caught by a defensive player before the ball hits the ground)
* Tag outs (when a runner is touched with the ball, or a glove with the ball in it)

Good Luck and I hope you all enjoy the new season of baseball.

Author: Johan Bosman

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