How to handle a case of Rabies
Rabies : Rabies is spread by infected saliva that enters the body through a bite or broken skin. The virus travels from the wound to the brain, where it causes swelling, or inflammation. This inflammation leads to symptoms of the disease. Most rabies deaths occur in children (taken from PubMed Health).
Almost all of the Rabies cases in humans are caused by a dog bite. The dog can even spread the sickness without showing any signs of being infected. Unfortunately, the sickness is fatal almost EVERY time.
Symptoms of Rabies
The symptoms start to manifest itself from one to four months since being bitten by a rabbit animal. The wound will start to feel tender to the touch and painful in and around the area. These signs spread and soon the person will experience difficulty to swallow, breathe and speak. The symptoms will eventually worsen to even more frightening situations like muscular convulsions and mental insanity. Later the patient will become depressive, fatigued, unconscious and finally, die.
Changes in a rabbit dog
The dog’s personality changes dramatically. He might become over-friendly seeking attention or become violent and territorial, and his barking will become hoarser. In some cases paralysis may set in, starting with the lower jaw, then the hind legs, then its entire body. Many people have been bitten by a dog with a paralyzed lower jaw by thinking a bone might be stuck in its throat, and then try to help the animal. Some dogs show an unstoppable urge to run away, snapping at everything in its path. After a while though, he will eventually fall, overcome with paralysis. His retinas will enlarge to such an extent that he will be unable to see properly. Any dog showing severe abnormal behavior should be chained and observed very carefully for at least two weeks to establish whether the dog might have been infected by stray dogs etc.
How to care for a person infected with Rabies
- If a person is bitten by a rabbit dog or any other animal, it should be reported to a health care professional in the region. They can send out warnings about the animal. Take the person to a hospital to get the wound properly disinfected and treated as soon as possible.
- If the animal ran away after attacking the person without being caught (to determine if it were infected), the Patient should receive the Pasteur treatment. Studies have shown that only one third of people who have been bitten by a rabbit animal and who received the Pasteur treatment, were infected with Rabies.
- If the animal could be caught, and has been under observation for 2 weeks without showing any signs of Rabies, the Pasteur treatment might be stopped.
- If the symptoms of Rabies start to manifest itself in the patient, no treatment will be able to save his life; he should be taken to hospital where they can retain the unfortunate violent convulsions and insanity with tranquilizers and pain killers. This will lessen the suffering to a certain extent.
Get vaccinated for the disease once every four years to prevent such an untimely death. This will help you prevent illness from any dog-bite. Please.